SCARCE SOUTHERN 13-STAR PROTO-CONFEDERATE “INCLUSIONARY” FLAG

Item/Auction Attributes

1860-1861.
Very good overall condition with minor areas of discoloration. Small areas of professional restoration to center stripe. Not examined out of frame.
36" x 60" object, 40 1/2" x 63 1/2" OA.
Provenance: The Important Americana Collection of Barbara M. and the late Charlie Hunter, Staunton, VA.
$2,000.00
$3,000.00
Catalogue Note: The present Proto-Confederate flag is an example of what scholars such as Howard Madaus have termed "vernacular inclusionary" flags. These secessionist-sympathetic flags, believed to have been made in late 1860 and early 1861, are generally modeled on the "stars and stripes" formula, but "include" a smaller selection of stars, intended to represent Confederate states - that number being itself in flux at the time. It is important to note that proto-Confederate flags of the period exhibit widely varying star and stripe counts - a natural result given the absence of a formally adopted uniform flag design during the earliest period of the Confederacy. As Howard Madaus describes the phenomena, "[t]hese flags are termed 'vernacular' because they are the product of the average southerner, and not the Confederate government, and 'inclusionary' because the persons making them included the number of stars into the canton that he or she thought should be 'included' in the still-to-be-devised Confederate national flag, and not necessarily the number of states that actually had seceded or joined the nascent Confederacy." Shipping Note: IN-HOUSE SHIPPING IS NOT AVAILABLE FOR THIS LOT. Please contact our local UPS store store6595@theupsstore.com for information on shipping or see our website for a list of third-party shippers https://jeffreysevans.com/buying/pick-up-and-delivery.
Published: Druckman - American Flags: Designs for a Young Nation, p. 36 (left).